The Huygens-Descartes Lecture will discuss the work of the Jesuit Jean-Claude Sicard (1677-1726), provincial leader of the Jesuits in Cairo and missionary of the Copts in Egypt. Commissioned by the French Regency, Sicard travelled Egypt extensively to produce the first reliable maps of both contemporary and ancient Egypt. In the process, he discovered amongst others the ruins of Thebes and the Great Labyrinth, and was the first to describe, measure and sketch many ancient sites.
One particular question that occupied Sicard is that of the Old Testament’s Exodus account. Especially after Spinoza’s discussion of the miracle of the Red Sea and Pierre Bayle’s critical reactions, the story of the Israelites’ Crossing became a litmus test for the Old Testament in the eighteenth century, regardless of whether one aimed to confirm or challenge the credibility of biblical texts. Whereas this debate has been interpreted as mostly a Protestant affair in literature until now, the Huygens-Descartes lecture will focus on the Jesuits’ impact on the debate – an impact that was grounded on their experience in situ and their penchant for empirical verification.
By focusing on empiricism in Historical Critical Biblicism, the Huygens-Descartes lecture takes an unconventional path in talking about the Exodus debate within the European Republic of Letters in the 18th century. Since the empirical knowledge that played such a vital role in the debate came from Egypt, Renate Dürr will discuss the ways of gathering and transferring knowledge from abroad to Europe, the importance of the publishing houses in the process of recreating this information and the Jesuits’ impact on the Early Enlightenment.
De jaarlijkse Huygens-Descarteslezing is een gezamenlijk initiatief van het Descartes Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities (Universiteit Utrecht) en het Huygens Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis (Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen).
Meer informatie over de lezing en de spreker kan u hier vinden.
Wat: 8ste Huygens-Descarteslezing
Wanneer: 25 november 2015, 15u30
Waar: Teylers Museum, Haarlem
Entree: Aan het bijwonen van de lezing zijn geen kosten verbonden; aanmelding is niet nodig